The Michigan Value Collaborative

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How MVC workgroups promote collaboration throughout Michigan: Outpatient Heart Failure Clinics

Crystal Loveday

Crystal Loveday is the Heart Failure Nurse Practitioner at Crittenton Hospital Medical Center

MVC recently interviewed Crystal Loveday, a nurse practitioner from Crittenton Hospital Medical Center, which is a ministry of Ascension Michigan. Crystal had participated in the Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) workgroup and is also a current participant in the longitudinal CHF workgroup. During the workgroup meeting, Crystal heard about the CHF heart failure clinic set up at Mid-Michigan and was interested in learning more. Currently, Crittenton is looking at implementing an outpatient Transitional Care Heart Failure Clinic and there was an interest to learn how to set up a clinic as well as its ability to help with patient education and reducing readmissions.  Crystal reached out to Mid-Michigan and was kind enough to report back to MVC the fruits of her visit.

How did your visit to Mid-Michigan help you?

Crystal: I spent time at Mid-Michigan viewing the set up and process within the out-patient clinic. I noticed that it was very organized and beneficial for the patients because the clinic staff spent more 1:1 time with the patient outside of the acute care setting. This gave the patients additional education, reinforcement of HF guidelines, and assisted with HF management. The clinic helped with reducing CHF readmissions to the hospital. It also provided a bridge of care after hospital discharge, assuring further follow-up with the patients, PCP, and cardiologist.  I was able to bring back a lot of information, which I presented and hope to use to initiate a Transitional Care Heart Failure (HF) Clinic here at Crittenton Hospital Medical Center to further strengthen care for these patients in our community.

What does Crittenton Hospital Medical Center do currently for its CHF patients?

Crystal: Currently, Crittenton Hospital Medical Center has a strong inpatient program for Heart Failure patients, providing them with the education and tools they need to manage HF. We assure the patient receives in depth HF education during their hospital stay. We target our acute HF patients and as well as those who have a history of HF or chronic HF. Patients are seen by a nutritionist for additional diet teaching during their stay. Case Management, Home Care, and Social Work combine together as a team to assure patient needs will be met upon discharge. We have a follow-up program that provides follow up phone calls after the patient is discharged. During these calls, we re-educate the patient, review the discharge instructions, and ensure the patient is taking their medications, following a low-sodium diet, measuring their weight daily, and following up with their physician as scheduled. We do a lot of education using teach-back in which we focus on the patient understanding their “signs and symptoms” and their action plan.  We also have a great deal of community involvement such as HF luncheons, guest talks at Rochester’s OPC, as well as partnering with PCP’s to provide additional HF education. Also, throughout Ascension, we have monthly meetings, similar to our MVC meetings. These meetings are nationwide, linking clinicians, pharmacists, and other health care providers to focus on a continuum of a strong heart failure programs throughout all of our ministries.

How do you identify a patient with CHF at Crittenton Hospital Medical Center?

Crystal: As patients are admitted with the diagnosis of Heart Failure, a heart failure nurse practitioner consult is automatically generated. We also review a daily diuretic list from our pharmacy. This identifies additional patients with HF that need to be seen. Additionally, every morning, I meet with case management, nursing managers and the quality team. At these meetings, any patient that has a diagnosis of heart failure or has a history of heart failure is named and reviewed. Then, with the help of case management, we implement a planning process for discharge which includes education about medications, follow-up care. It is sometimes difficult to educate recently admitted patients, as they are often short of breath and have short attention spans. We try to focus on providing HF education just prior to discharge, as this is an optimal time for the patient to learn. I feel this is where the Transitional Clinic will greatly benefit patients.  It can provide additional education, outside of the acute care setting to compliment the inpatient HF program.

What are some initiatives Crittenton Hospital Medical Center is doing right now?

Crystal:  This is an exciting time in treatment options for HF because medicine is developing new advances daily. Currently, Crittenton is using a heart failure monitoring system called Cardiomems. This device is implanted into the pulmonary artery (PA). It transmits the patients PA pressure daily to their cardiologist. This information is reviewed, and if the pressure starts to rise, treatment options such as adjusting medications, referring for an appointment or calling the patient for more information, can easily be done. The PA pressure is more accurate than relying on the patient’s signs and symptoms. I like this because I can show patients actual data about how their daily habits such as medication and diet effect their condition. Typically, if they are not watching their sodium intake or they forget to take their medications, we will see a change in PA pressure immediately. This helps us intervene early to prevent HF from worsening, which can also prevent a hospital admission.  It is also very useful in patients who have other combined conditions such as COPD and renal inefficiencies. There are certain criteria for the patient to be eligible for Cardiomems. Indications include NYHA Class 3 and a hospitalization for HF within the previous year.

Another initiative in place at Crittenton is the use of Entresto, a newer heart failure medication. It is a combination drug (sacubitril/valsartan) that is used in place of an ACE or an ARB, for patients with a reduced ejection fraction. It has been found to reduce the risk of death and hospitalizations, along with providing a better quality of life with less HF symptoms and HF better management.

What is Crittenton’s relationship with skilled nursing facilities (SNF) to help prevent readmissions in CHF patients?

Crystal: I am currently working with Case management and the quality department to identify areas that need to be targeted for readmissions. A number of our readmissions are coming from ECFs/SNFs. I am trying to build relationships with these facilities and currently in the process of setting up educational programs with the staff at these facilities regarding the importance of following a low sodium diet, daily weight monitoring, and fluid restrictions for the patients who reside there. We have also just completed an educational program about HF with the staff at one of our home care companies.

Do you think Crittenton Hospital Medical Center will open an outpatient clinic for your CHF patients?

Crystal: I am very optimistic! Our current program is working quite well, as we have a low rate of readmissions, but a heart failure clinic will help to reduce this rate even further. It will also be useful to provide additional education on an outpatient basis, along with assessing patients to ensure that their HF symptoms are controlled.

On a positive note, Ascension Health does see the value in outpatient clinics and they are in the process of standardizing care across their ministries. Quite a few Ascension ministries have outpatient HF clinics already, so it’s definitely in our future here at Crittenton.

A special thank you to Jennifer Dankers and staff at Mid-Michigan HF clinic, and also to MVC, for providing a way of networking clinicians and health care staff to further optimize care for Heart Failure Patients.

 

 

If you would like to speak further with Crystal or Mid-Michigan regarding heart failure clinics or their experience with MVC workgroups, please contact the Coordinating Center.

 

Questions or comments? We’d love to hear from you. You can comment in this article or fill out the contact form at the bottom of the page.

Updates from MVC’s heart failure workgroup

MVC’s heart failure workgroup met last week to discuss readmissions from skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), and what is being done at each hospital to address this issue.

As part of the discussion, the coordinating center provided an analysis of readmissions from SNFs using blinded MVC data.  This analysis identified that the most common diagnoses upon readmission were those related to heart failure (46% of readmissions), followed by septicemia (9.8% of readmissions).  Considerable variation in readmission rate was seen amongst SNFs, as well as between MVC hospitals.

A review of the literature was also presented.  This review identified existing interventions that have had success in reducing readmissions from SNFs, and identified important components of successful interventions.  The two intervention strategies presented were: Interventions to Reduce Acute Care Transfers (INTERACT) and Project ReEngineered Discharge (RED).  For more information on these resources, follow the weblinks below:

INTERACT

http://interact2.net/

Project RED

https://www.bu.edu/fammed/projectred/

The data review and literature review may be downloaded here.

If you are interested in finding out more about your own hospitals readmission information, please use the “Contact Us” form at the bottom of the page!


Questions or comments? We’d love to hear from you!  You can comment on this article, or use the “Contact Us” form at the bottom of the page.